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特码表,2017-04-1410:49:16四是能让群众节省医药费用。

  不仅如此,这家公司还陷入了拖欠工资的官司,被一位叫王夫光的员工告到法院。

Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

TheworldwantsChinatovisit.Over450exhibitorsfromabout70countriesandregionsjoinedtherecentannualChinaOutboundTravelandTourismMarketexpoinBeijing.Chinaistheworld'slargestoutbound-tourismsource.Morethan122millionChinesetouristsheadedoverseaslastyear.ThishasenticeddestinationstopitchtoChineseandadoptsuchpoliciesaseasyvisas.SerbiabecamethefirstEuropeancountrytooffervisa-freeentrytoChineseinareciprocalagreementfromJan15.Chinesearrivalsthatmonthincreasedbyover100percentcomparedwiththepreviousJanuary.ThecountryparticipatedintherecentBeijingevent.

ProgresstowardcloserChina-UKties,highlightedbythestatevisittoBritainofPresidentXiJinpingin2015,wasatleastinpartdrivenbyBritain'sroleasakeymemberoftheEUandbyLondon'sstatusasagatewaytomarketsintherestofEurope.AstheMaygovernmentembarksonnegotiationstodefinethefuturerelationshipwiththeEU,manyofBritain'stradingpartnershavedecidedtoadopta"glasshalffull"stancethathighlightsthepotentialbenefitsofitsdeparturefromthebloc.AmongtheexpertspreparedtolendanoteofoptimismtoBritain'sfutureprospectsisLiRuogu,formerchairmanoftheExport-ImportBankofChina,whorecentlysaidattheBoaoForumforAsiainHainanprovincethatBrexitwouldpaveanewpathforfreetradebetweenChinaandtheUK."AfterBrexit,ChinaandUKtrademaygetfreer,especiallyinfinancialservices,"Lisaid,addingthat,althoughtheUKisnotabigcountrywithalargepopulation,itmaintainsanadvantageinareassuchasfinancialservices.Britain'stradingpartnersoutsidetheEUwouldprobablystillprefertoseea"soft"Brexit,whichwouldpreserveitsgatewaystatustoEurope'sgoodsandfinancialmarkets.However,thereisrecognitionthatpost-BrexitBritainwouldfullyembracefreetradeincontrasttothegrowthofprotectionismelsewhere.EvenwhilewithintheEU,BritainhasresistedtheimpositionofpunitivemeasuresagainstChinesesteelexports.Intheory,BritishandChinesetradenegotiatorscoulduseaclosebilateralrelationshiptotheiradvantagetowinconcessionsfromtheEU.Inpractice,thecontinuingstrengthofChineseinvestmentintheUKindicatesChinaisnotabouttoabandonapost-BrexitBritain.AstheUKembarksontwoyearsoftoughbargainingwiththeEUonthetermsofitsdeparture,leadingpro-BrexitvoicesarelaudingthebenefitsoftheUKgoingitalone.BritishindustrialistJamesDyson,aprominent"leaver",recentlysaidhewas"enormouslyoptimistic"aboutfutureUKtradewiththerestoftheworld,particularlyAsia.Hiscommentscameafterhiscompany,famousforitsinnovativevacuumcleaners,announcedprofitsof£631million($792million)lastyear,driveninpartby244percentgrowthinsalestoChina.Dyson'sprofitsareausefulexamplefortheBrexitcamptoshowthatBritaincanthriveonceithaslefttheEUbystrengtheningitstieswithmarketsbeyondEurope.Elsewhere,pro-Brexitersarescratchingaroundslightlymoredesperatelyforgoodnewstojustifythedecisiontodistancethecountryfromitsbiggestmarket.AmemberoftheUKParliamentsaidrecentlythatBrexitwouldprovideanopportunityforBritishfarmerstoincreasesalesofchickenfeettoChina,becausetheyareconsideredadelicacyinthatcountry.ThewriterisaseniormediaconsultantforChinaDailyUK.

另外,《白皮书》数据显示,截至2016年底,信贷资产证券化产品余额为4893.68亿元,同比增长18.51%,占资产证券化市场总量的45.5%,占银行间市场债券存量的1.07%。

短板领域投资加快,一季度生态保护和环境治理业、公共设施管理业、农业、水利管理业投资分别增长48.1%、27.4%、24.6%和18.3%,分别快于全部投资38.9、18.2、15.4和9.1个百分点。

Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

(作者:李艳艳,北京科技大学马克思主义学院副教授、博士后,中国历史唯物主义学会理事。

,Chelsea'sJohnTerryafterthematchagainstBrentfordinFACupFourthFinalonJan28,2017.[Photo/Agencies]ChelseacaptainJohnTerrywillendhis22-yearassociationwiththeLondonclubattheendoftheseason,buttheveterandefenderwantstokeeponplaying.The36-year-oldTerryhasdroppedsofardownthepeckingorderatChelseathatthelastofhis713appearancescametwomonthsagointheFACup.ThecenterbacklastplayedintheEnglishPremierLeaguefortheleaderinNovemberandhasalreadystartedstudyingforcoachingqualificationsandlearningPortuguese."TheclubandIhavealwayshadafantasticrelationship,whichwillcontinuebeyondmyplayingdays,"TerrysaidinastatementonMonday."WehadsomereallypositivetalksbutwitheverythingtakenintocarefulconsiderationIhavedecidedit'stherighttimeformetoleave."I'vealwaysbeenconsciousthatIdepartattherighttime,intherightway,andIfeelthattheendofthisseasonistherighttimefortheclub."Althoughamanagerialcareerappearstobebeckoning,Terrydoesnotfeelreadytohanguphisboots.Thenextmovewillbedecided"induecourse,"Terrysaid,withlucrativemovestoChina,theUnitedArabEmiratesandUnitedStatesobviouspotentialdestinations."IfeelIstillhaveplentytoofferonthepitchbutunderstandthatopportunitieshereatChelseawillbelimitedforme.I'meagertocarryonplayingandsowillbelookingtocontinuewithanewchallenge."Havingjoinedtheyouthranksandthenmadehisseniordebutin1998,Terrywasappointedcaptainin2004.Hisphysicalpresence,anticipation,andleadershipqualitiesmadehimtheoutstandingfigureinChelsea'sdefenseastheclubenjoyedarunoftrophysuccess.Onthecontinent,hecollectedtheChampionsLeaguein2012,despitebeingsuspendedforthefinal,andtheEuropaLeaguethefollowingyear.AsthekeycoginChelsea'sresurgenceafterits2003takeoverbyRussianbillionaireRomanAbramovich,TerryhasalsowonthePremierLeaguefourtimes,theFACupfivetimes,andtheLeagueCuponthreeoccasions."Hehasbeenanoutstandingplayer,inspirationalcaptain,andhasalwaysdemonstratedanexceptionalcommitmenttothecause,"ChelseadirectorMarinaGranovskaiasaid."Inthattime,Chelseahasgrownintooneoftheworld'stopclubsanditisonlyrightthatJohn'scontributionisrecognized.HewillalwaysbeheldinthehighestregardbyeverybodyatStamfordBridgeandwelookforwardtowelcominghimbackinthefuture."TerryheldontotheChelseacaptaincydespitebeingbannedforfourmatchesandfinedin2012forraciallyabusingQueensParkRangersdefenderAntonFerdinand.AndTerryappreciatedthebackingofChelseafanswhohaveabanneratStamfordBridgewhichreads,"Captain.LeaderLegend.""Youmeantheworldtomeandeverytrophywe'vewonduringmytimeattheclubwe'vewontogether,"theformerEnglandcaptainsaid."Iwillneverforgettheincrediblejourneywe'vebeenon.Thankyousomuchforeverything."TheonlyotherclubTerryhasplayedforwasNottinghamForestduringasix-gameloanspellin2000.AssociatedPress

2017年4月12日,国务院常务会议审议通过了《关于加强医疗联合体建设和发展的指导意见》(以下简称《意见》),对于加快医联体建设和发展,推进构建分级诊疗制度,形成合理有序的就医格局,方便患者就近就医,具有十分重要的意义。

ASTANA-KazakhPresidentNursultanNazarbayevsaidhereonTuesdaythathelooksforwardtoattendingtheBeltandRoadForumtobeheldinBeijingonMay14-15andhavingin-depthdiscussionswithChinaontheintegrationofdevelopmentstrategies.NazarbayevmadetheremarkswhenmeetingwithvisitingChineseVicePremierZhangGaolionTuesdayinAstana,capitaloftheCentralAsiancountry.NazarbayevsaidhewasverygladtobeinvitedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpingtoattendtheBeltandRoadForuminBeijingandthathewilldiscusswithXidetailedplanstointegrateKazakhstan'sdevelopmentstrategieswithChina.Xiwillattendtheopeningceremonyoftheforumandhostaround-tableleaders'summit,ChineseForeignMinisterWangYisaidonTuesdayinBeijingatapressconference.Atleast28headsofstateandgovernmentconfirmedattendanceattheforum,saidWang,thehighest-profileinternationalmeetingontheBeltandRoadsinceXiputforwardtheinitiativein2013duringaspeechinAstana.TheinitiativeaimstobuildatradeandinfrastructurenetworkconnectingAsiawithEuropeandAfricaalongtheancientSilkRoadtradingroutes,leadingtomutuallybeneficialeconomicoutcomesforeverynationitreaches.Zhang,whoarrivedinAstanaonMondaynightforathree-dayvisit,saidthathisvisitisaimedtoforgeaheadtheimplementationofthepreviousconsensusreachedbybothpresidents,andprepareforthemeetingsbetweenXiandNazarbayevin2017.HailingthefruitfulachievementsscoredbybothcountriesundertheBeltandRoadInitiativeinrecentyears,Zhangsaidboththecooperationscaleandqualityhavereachedanewlevel.Hesuggestedthetwocountriestofurtherenhanceintegrationofdevelopmentstrategies,deepencooperationinmajorareasandexpandnewareassoastoensuremoreachievementsinthefuture.ChinawelcomesNazarbayev'sattendanceattheforuminMay,Zhangsaid,expressingthehopethatthetwocountriescanfurtherpromotecooperationviatheoccasion.Theyearmarksthe25thanniversaryoftheestablishmentofdiplomaticrelationsbetweenChinaandKazakhstan.Speakinghighlyofthesounddevelopmentoftherelationship,NazarbayevsaidtheachievementsKazakhstanscoredinrecentyearscannotrealizewithoutChina'sstrongsupport.KazakhstanfirmlysupportsChina'sdomesticandinternationalpolicyandtheBeltandRoadInitiative,hesaid.DuringhismeetingwithKazakhPrimeMinisterBakytzhanSagintayevonMonday,Zhangcalledonbothsidestogivefullplayoftheroleofthedialogueonproductioncapacityandinvestment,enhanceinformationcommunicationandpolicycoordination,andexpandeconomicandtradecooperation.Heencouragedthetwosidestoforgeaheadthesigningofthenewversionofinvestmentprotectiontreatyandstrengthencooperationinareasincludingfinancing,agriculture,animalhusbandry,connectivityandcustoms.Thetwosidesneedtocementenergycooperation,managingwelltheChina-Kazakhstancrudeoilpipelineandnaturalgaspipeline,Zhangsaid.ZhangalsocalledforaconsensusatanearlydateonthedetailedplanofhostingtheChineseYearofTourisminKazakhstanthisyear.SagintayevsaidKazakhstanattachesgreatimportancetobilateraltieswithChina,callingonbothsidestoenhanceinnovationcooperationinordertorealizeatwo-waytradevolumeof40billionU.S.dollarsin2020.AccordingtoChineseMinistryofCommerce,uptilltheendof2016,ChinaisthesecondlargestexportmarketandthefirstlargestimportsourceofKazakhstan.Meanwhile,KazakhstanisChina'sbiggesttradepartnerinCentralAsiaandChina'sbiggestinvestmentdestinationintheEurasiaregion.AlsoonMonday,Zhangco-chairedtheeighthmeetingoftheChina-KazakhstanCooperationCommitteewithKazakhstanFirstDeputyPrimeMinisterAskarMamin.Thetwowitnessedviavideolinktherolling-offofthefinalassemblylineofChineseAnkaicoaches,amodelprojectofbilateralproductioncapacityhereinKazakhstan.

ProgresstowardcloserChina-UKties,highlightedbythestatevisittoBritainofPresidentXiJinpingin2015,wasatleastinpartdrivenbyBritain'sroleasakeymemberoftheEUandbyLondon'sstatusasagatewaytomarketsintherestofEurope.AstheMaygovernmentembarksonnegotiationstodefinethefuturerelationshipwiththeEU,manyofBritain'stradingpartnershavedecidedtoadopta"glasshalffull"stancethathighlightsthepotentialbenefitsofitsdeparturefromthebloc.AmongtheexpertspreparedtolendanoteofoptimismtoBritain'sfutureprospectsisLiRuogu,formerchairmanoftheExport-ImportBankofChina,whorecentlysaidattheBoaoForumforAsiainHainanprovincethatBrexitwouldpaveanewpathforfreetradebetweenChinaandtheUK."AfterBrexit,ChinaandUKtrademaygetfreer,especiallyinfinancialservices,"Lisaid,addingthat,althoughtheUKisnotabigcountrywithalargepopulation,itmaintainsanadvantageinareassuchasfinancialservices.Britain'stradingpartnersoutsidetheEUwouldprobablystillprefertoseea"soft"Brexit,whichwouldpreserveitsgatewaystatustoEurope'sgoodsandfinancialmarkets.However,thereisrecognitionthatpost-BrexitBritainwouldfullyembracefreetradeincontrasttothegrowthofprotectionismelsewhere.EvenwhilewithintheEU,BritainhasresistedtheimpositionofpunitivemeasuresagainstChinesesteelexports.Intheory,BritishandChinesetradenegotiatorscoulduseaclosebilateralrelationshiptotheiradvantagetowinconcessionsfromtheEU.Inpractice,thecontinuingstrengthofChineseinvestmentintheUKindicatesChinaisnotabouttoabandonapost-BrexitBritain.AstheUKembarksontwoyearsoftoughbargainingwiththeEUonthetermsofitsdeparture,leadingpro-BrexitvoicesarelaudingthebenefitsoftheUKgoingitalone.BritishindustrialistJamesDyson,aprominent"leaver",recentlysaidhewas"enormouslyoptimistic"aboutfutureUKtradewiththerestoftheworld,particularlyAsia.Hiscommentscameafterhiscompany,famousforitsinnovativevacuumcleaners,announcedprofitsof£631million($792million)lastyear,driveninpartby244percentgrowthinsalestoChina.Dyson'sprofitsareausefulexamplefortheBrexitcamptoshowthatBritaincanthriveonceithaslefttheEUbystrengtheningitstieswithmarketsbeyondEurope.Elsewhere,pro-Brexitersarescratchingaroundslightlymoredesperatelyforgoodnewstojustifythedecisiontodistancethecountryfromitsbiggestmarket.AmemberoftheUKParliamentsaidrecentlythatBrexitwouldprovideanopportunityforBritishfarmerstoincreasesalesofchickenfeettoChina,becausetheyareconsideredadelicacyinthatcountry.ThewriterisaseniormediaconsultantforChinaDailyUK.

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